What Is An Argumentative Essay And How Do You Write It?

An argumentative essay is a well-written composition that takes a stance or a position on a topic and then provides reasons that support that position with evidence. An argumentative essay will take the form of an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introductory paragraph stands to tell the reader what position the writer takes on a subject. This includes a strong thesis statement that acts as a guideline for the essay’s body. The body paragraphs then present the arguments for and against the stance taken, with facts and evidence. Let’s dive deep into how to write an argumentative essay.


  1. Plan for your essay with ample research. Remember, you’ll be presenting arguments and counter-arguments with evidence supporting your claims. Therefore, you must read broadly about your selected topic – luckily, this a skill you’ll benefit immensely from in college. During your research, collect information about the debates and experts in the topic area, reference materials, and use the data to outline your key findings. Then find any possible unique angles that you can explore.
  2. Write your thesis statement. Your thesis statement tells your reader whether they should read your essay or not. As such, you must have a strong thesis statement. How? State the claim the argumentative essay seeks to present, address your stance on the said claim, then offer the primary points you’ll use to support your view.
  3. Writing the introduction. Use a hook to capture your reader’s attention. A statistical fact that is not well known is an excellent place to start. Then provide the background information by answering questions like “what causes the root problem” and “what solutions should be provided.” Add your thesis statement and summarize the structure of your body paragraphs.
  4. Structuring your body paragraphs. Each paragraph should represent one argument or counter-argument. Your topic sentence should be your claim, and it should always convince the reader that your thesis statement is true. Then explain your side of the argument with a piece of evidence from your research. Finish by tying the entire paragraph back to the thesis statement.
  5. Writing the conclusion. Summarize your main arguments and thesis statement, then convince the reader that your opinions are valid. For instance, you can present the outcome of implementing your ideas as your conviction strategy.

Always keep in mind the norms of academic writing. This means that you cannot include personal anecdotes or other quotes you find inspiring. Whatever you do, don’t forget to proofread your work and have your opposing arguments before you conclude your argumentative essay.